Cải thiện kĩ năng đọc hiểu với những bài đọc tiếng Anh đơn giản – Lighter English

Cải thiện kĩ năng đọc hiểu với những bài đọc tiếng Anh đơn giản

Học tiếng Anh là một hành trình dài, đầy thách thức mà không phải ai cũng tìm được cảm hứng để việc học đạt kết quả và thành tựu. Chính vì vậy, việc lựa chọn cách học phù hợp với bản thân là chìa khóa giúp bạn tìm được nguồn cảm hứng quan trọng này . 

Vậy bạn đã bao giờ thử học tiếng Anh thông qua các bài luyện đọc tiếng Anh chưa ?

Thực tế, đây là một trong những cách học  rất thú vị. Bạn có thể vừa giải trí, vừa trang bị thêm kỹ năng đọc hiểu và tăng vốn từ vựng lên đáng kể. Trong bài viết dưới đây mình sẽ tổng hợp những bài đọc tiếng Anh ở các cấp độ giúp bạn có thêm gợi ý cho việc học tiếng Anh của bạn nhé ! 

1/ Những bài  đọc tiếng Anh trình độ sơ cấp ( Beginner) 

#1 Reason of love 

When choosing a partner for life what do people usually think of? A recent study has shown that these following factors are the most important things that one takes into consideration when choosing his/her partner. Firstly, beauty is an important factor. 

Although many people say that the partner’s appearance is not important, research has shown that beauty has great effect. Secondly, money is also as important as appearance. 

Rich people are easier to attract the opposite sex than the poor. Both men and women say that they think much on how much money their partners have before they decide to get married. 

In addition, timing is important, if the partner comes in time, marriage is more possible. Do you see? If your partner comes when you are available or eager to love, he will be accepted easily. 

#2 Salty coffee

He met her at a party.

She was so outstanding, many guys were chasing after her, while he was so normal, nobody paid attention to him.

At the end of the party, he invited her to have coffee with him.

She was so surprised, but due to being polite, she promised.

They sat in a nice coffee shop, he was too nervous to say anything, she felt uncomfortable, and she thought, “Please, let me go home.”

Suddenly he asked the waiter:

“Would you please give me some salt? I’d like to put it in my coffee.”

Everybody stared at him, so strange!

His face turned red, but still, he put the salt in his coffee and drank it.

She asked him curiously:

“Why do you have this hobby?”

He replied:

“When I was a little boy I lived near the sea, I liked playing in the sea; I could feel the taste of the sea, just like the taste of this salty coffee.

Now every time I have the salty coffee, I always think of my childhood, think of my hometown, I miss my hometown so much, I miss my parents who are still living there.”

#3 Attractiveness in American Culture 

In a test done in the 1970s, 1,031 students at the University of Wyoming said what they considered attractive in their partners. Their answers were not new. 

Men tended to prefer blondes, blue eyes and light skin color, while women liked darker men. 

However, there were some surprises. Few men liked very large breasts or boyish women. Almost none of the women liked very muscular men. In fact, both men and women prefer the average. 

Too short, too tall, too pale or too dark were not chosen. Averageness still wins. In a recent study, scientists chose 94 faces of American women and used the computer to make a picture of an average face. 

Then they asked people which face they liked. Of the 94 real faces, only 4 faces were considered to be more attractive than the average face. Most people said that they preferred the average face.

#4 Abraham Lincoln 

Of all the presidents in the history of the United States, Abraham Lincoln may be the one that Americans remember most. He was called “honest Abe”. 

Abraham Lincoln was a symbol of the American dream: a man who came from a poor family could become the president of the country. 

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Kentucky. He lived there until he was 7 years old. Then his family moved from farm to farm. In 1816 the Lincolns decided to settle in Indiana. 

They lived in the middle of a forest. Abe was an intelligent boy. Reading books was his hobby. 

This hobby was built up by his mother. Sadly when he was 9 years old his mother died. This saddened the whole family. 

In his life, Abraham Lincoln was only able to go to school for a total of 1 year. However, with great effort, he built up his knowledge and became the president of the U.S in 1860. 

#5 Halloween 

Halloween is a holiday celebrated on October 31st. The most common colors of the day are orange and black. Halloween comes from the ancient Celtic festival Samhain. 

The ancient Celts believed that on October 31st, now known as Halloween, the boundary between the living and the deceased is not clear, and the dead become dangerous for the living by causing problems such as sickness or damaged crops. 

On Halloween, the ancient Celts would place a skeleton by their window to represent the dead. Believing that the head was the most powerful part of the body, containing the spirit and knowledge, the Celts used the “head” of the vegetable to decorate their houses. 

On this day people often wear strange clothes as characters in horrible novels or movies to frighten others. 

People usually like to dress as ghosts, skeletons, or witches. Now Halloween is an official holiday in almost all European countries. 

#6 Love map  

Why do we fall in love with this one but not that? Why Bill instead of Ray? Researcher John Money believes that everyone has something he calls a “love map”. 

Long before you fall in love with someone, you have developed a map which shows with whom you will fall in love. 

When children meet friends, family members and other people, they will collect certain things that they like in these people. Gradually their memories begin to form an ideal lover in their mind. 

As they grow up, their love map becomes clearer. So long before you love someone, you already know some things about him. Then you will meet someone that has something similar to your ideal, and you fall in love with him. 

Actually this one is far different from your ideal. However you can not see these differences. That’s why a famous saying goes: “Love is blind”.


2/ Những bài đọc tiếng Anh trình độ trung cấp ( Intermediate )

Cải thiện kĩ năng đọc hiểu với những bài đọc tiếng Anh đơn giản
Cải thiện kĩ năng đọc hiểu với những bài đọc tiếng Anh đơn giản

#1 Birthday tradition 

The tradition of birthday parties started a long time ago. People thought that there was a special danger from evil spirits on birthdays so friends and family came together to bring good thoughts and wishes and even presents. 

In the past, only kings had a birthday party, but as time went by, the public began to have their own birthday parties. There are some different traditions in different countries around the world. 

In China, everyone celebrates their birthday on New Year’s Day. And on a child’s second birthday, family members put many things on the floor around the child. According to Chinese tradition, the first thing the child picks up will tell us what job the child will choose later in life. 

In some countries, a 21st birthday cake often has a key on top or the cake itself is sometimes in a shape of a key. The key means that the young person is now old enough to leave and enter the family home at any time they want to. 

For Japanese children, the third, fifth and seventh birthdays are particularly important. There’s usually a special party on these birthdays. 

# 2 Young Children Play Sports – Advantages And Disadvantages

Most kids love to play sports. It’s important to them, but for the majority, it’s just one type of activity out of many that they do. 

For a small number of kids, though, a sport becomes their whole life. They spend almost all their time and energy practicing. This has both advantages and disadvantages.
Sports are good for young children in many ways. Kids who enjoy sports are likely to have better health. They develop good habits of daily exercise that will keep them healthy as adults, too. 

Today, many children and adults are overweight, but those who love sports stay in shape. Plus, by developing their physical abilities, they will learn how to work hard towards a goal. 

Their achievements in sports will make them feel good about themselves. They’ll also make friends and learn teamwork. Sports, whether a little or a lot, can have positive effects. 

We admire the talent and dedication of young athletes, but we also wonder if they’re losing something. Their focus is very narrow. 

If they devote most of their time to sports, are they neglecting schoolwork? What about other interests? Children should try out many different activities. In addition, many young athletes are pressured by parents or coaches to succeed. 

Kids whose drive comes from inside usually do okay, but others can be unhappy and have health and emotional problems. So sports, like anything else in excess, can have negative effects too. 

#3 The North Sea Protection Works

For many, the image out of the Dutch fight against the North Sea rests in the figure of a young boy valiantly saving his town by using a finger to plug a hole in the dike. But this familiar hero is a fictional one, a creation of American author Mary Mapes Dodge in her book, Hans Brinker. 

In reality, heroism falls on all the Dutch, who for more than a millennium have been wresting precious agricultural lands from the sea and fighting to hold on to them. Their greatest achievement – a colossal fun in the dike is known as that Netherlands North Sea Protection Works. 

Because much of the Netherlands lies below sea level, normal tides would daily inundate about half the country if previous generations of industrious Dutch had not raised dikes and dams. Severe storms often cause tidal waters to crash into the dikes and inundate rivers and estuaries. 

Although all of the coastal areas are threatened, two particularly vulnerable ones are the large tidal inlet formerly known as the Zuider Zee and the delta created by the Rhine and Meuse rivers in the southwestern corner of the country. 

Dutch engineers propose that the Zuider Zee be dammed and drained in the 19th century, but the government was reluctant to tackle such an immense project. 

Then, in 1916, a furious storm hit the Northern provinces. The difficulties of wartime agricultural production were compounded, and the way was paved for the damming of the Zuider Zee. 

#4 The Panama Canal

Among the great peaceful achievements of mankind that have contributed significantly to progress in the world, the construction of the Canal stands as an awe-inspiring achievement. 

The unparalled engineering triumph was made possible by an international work force under the leadership of American visionaries, who made the centuries-old dream of uniting the two great oceans a reality. 

In 1534, Charles I of Spain ordered the first survey of a proposed canal route through the Isthmus of Panama. More than three centuries passed before the first construction was started. The French labored 20 years, beginning in 1880, but disease and financial problems defeated them. 

In 1903, Panama and the United States signed a treaty by which the United States undertook to construct an inter-oceanic shipping canal across the Isthmus of Panama. The following year, the United States purchased from the French Canal Company its rights and properties for $40 million and began construction. 

The monumental project was completed in ten years at a cost of about $387 million. Since 1903 the United States has invested about $3 billion in the Canal enterprise, approximately two-thirds of which have been recovered. 

The building of the Panama Canal involved three main problems — engineering, sanitation, and organization. Its successful completion was due principally to the engineering and administrative skills of such men as John F. Stevens and Col. George W. Goethals, and Col. William C. Gorgas, who solved the health problems. 

The engineering problems involved digging through the Continental Divide; constructing the largest earth dam ever built up to that time; and designing and building the most massive canal locks ever envisioned. 

3/ Những bài  đọc tiếng Anh trình độ cao cấp ( Advanced )

#1 Dirty Britain

Before the grass has thickened on the roadside verges and leaves have started growing on the trees is a perfect time to look around and see just how dirty Britain has become. The pavements are stained with chewing gum that has been spat out and the gutters are full of discarded fast food cartons. Years ago I remember travelling abroad and being saddened by the plastic bags, discarded bottles and soiled nappies at the edge of every road. Nowadays, Britain seems to look at least as bad. What has
gone wrong?

The problem is that the rubbish created by our increasingly mobile lives lasts a lot longer than before. If it is not cleared up and properly thrown away, it stays in the undergrowth for years; a semi-permanent reminder of what a tatty little country we have now.

Firstly, it is estimated that 10 billion plastic bags have been given to shoppers. These will take anything from 100 to 1,000 years to rot. However, it is not as if there is no solution to this. A few years ago, the Irish government introduced a tax on non-recyclable carrier bags and in three months reduced their use by 90%. When he was a minister, Michael Meacher attempted to introduce a similar arrangement in Britain. The plastics industry protested, of course. However, they need not have bothered; the idea was killed before it could draw breath, leaving supermarkets free to give away plastic bags.

What is clearly necessary right now is some sort of combined initiative, both individual and collective, before it is too late. The alternative is to continue sliding downhill until we have a country that looks like a vast municipal rubbish tip. We may well be at the tipping point. Yet we know that people respond to their environment. If things around them are clean and tidy, people behave cleanly and tidily. If they are surrounded by squalor, they behave squalidly. Now, much of Britain looks pretty squalid. What will it look like in five years?

#2 Reality Television

Reality television is a genre of television programming which, it is claimed, presents unscripted dramatic or humorous situations, documents actual events, and features ordinary people rather than professional actors. It could be described as a form of artificial or “heightened” documentary. Although the genre has existed in some form or another since the early years of television, the current explosion of popularity dates from around 2000.

Reality television covers a wide range of television programming formats, from game or quiz shows which resemble the frantic, often demeaning programmes produced in Japan in the 1980s and 1990s (a modern example is Gaki no tsukai), to surveillance- or voyeurism- focused productions such as Big Brother.

Critics say that the term “reality television” is somewhat of a misnomer and that such shows frequently portray a modified and highly influenced form of reality, with participants put in exotic locations or abnormal situations, sometimes coached to act in certain ways by off-screen handlers, and with events on screen manipulated through editing and other post-production techniques.

Part of reality television’s appeal is due to its ability to place ordinary people in extraordinary situations. For example, on the ABC show, The Bachelor, an eligible male dates a dozen women simultaneously, travelling on extraordinary dates to scenic locales. Reality television also has the potential to turn its participants into national celebrities, outwardly in talent and performance programs such as Pop Idol, though frequently Survivor and Big Brother participants also reach some degree of celebrity.

Some commentators have said that the name “reality television” is an inaccurate description for several styles of program included in the genre. In competition-based programs such as Big Brother and Survivor, and other special-living-environment shows like The Real World, the producers design the format of the show and control the day-to-day activities and the environment, creating a completely fabricated world in which the competition plays out. Producers specifically select the participants, and use carefully designed scenarios, challenges, events, and settings to encourage particular behaviours and conflicts. Mark Burnett, creator of Survivor and other reality shows, has agreed with this assessment, and avoids the word “reality” to describe his shows; he has said, “I tell good stories. It really is not reality TV. It really is unscripted drama.”

#3 The Great Wall of China

Walls and wall building have played a very important role in Chinese culture. These people, from the dim mists of prehistory have been wall-conscious; from the Neolithic period – when ramparts of pounded earth were used – to the Communist Revolution, walls were an essential part of any village. Not only towns and villages; the houses and the temples within them were somehow walled, and the houses also had no windows overlooking the street, thus giving the feeling of wandering around a huge maze. The name for “city” in Chinese (ch’eng) means wall, and over these walled cities, villages, houses and temples presides the god of walls and mounts, whose duties were, and still are, to protect and be responsible for the welfare of the inhabitants. Thus a great and extremely laborious task such as constructing a wall, which was supposed to run throughout the country, must not have seemed such an absurdity.

However, it is indeed a common mistake to perceive the Great Wall as a single architectural structure, and it would also be erroneous to assume that it was built during a single dynasty. For the building of the wall spanned the various dynasties, and each of these dynasties somehow contributed to the refurbishing and the construction of a wall, whose foundations had been laid many centuries ago. It was during the fourth and third century B.C. that each warring state started building walls to protect their kingdoms, both against one another and against the northern nomads. Especially three of these states: the Ch’in, the Chao and the Yen, corresponding respectively to the modern provinces of Shensi, Shanzi and Hopei, over and above building walls that surrounded their kingdoms, also laid the foundations on which Ch’in Shih Huang Di would build his first continuous Great Wall.

The role that the Great Wall played in the growth of Chinese economy was an important one. Throughout the centuries many settlements were established along the new border. The garrison troops were instructed to reclaim wasteland and to plant crops on it, roads and canals were built, to mention just a few of the works carried out. All these undertakings greatly helped to increase the country’s trade and cultural exchanges with many remote areas and also with the southern, central and western parts of Asia – the formation of the Silk Route. Builders, garrisons, artisans, farmers and peasants left behind a trail of objects, including inscribed tablets, household articles, and written work, which have become extremely valuable archaeological evidence to the study of defence institutions of the Great Wall and the everyday life of these people who lived and died along the wall.

4/ Bí quyết luyện đọc tiếng Anh hiệu quả 

Cải thiện kĩ năng đọc hiểu với những bài đọc tiếng Anh đơn giản
Cải thiện kĩ năng đọc hiểu với những bài đọc tiếng Anh đơn giản

Như vậy, những bài đọc tiếng Anh ở  trên là một trong những tư liệu hiệu quả để bạn có thể tham khảo trong việc học tiếng Anh của mình. Tuy nhiên, các bài luyện đọc tiếng Anh như vậy thôi thì chưa đủ, việc tìm ra những bí quyết phù hợp mới giúp cho việc học tiếng Anh của bạn mang lại hiệu quả. Chúng ta cùng tham khảo một số bí quyết dưới đây nhé. 

# 1  Luyện theo các bài đọc tiếng Anh theo cấp độ và theo chủ đề ưa thích 

Theo kinh nghiệm của nhiều người, việc lựa những bài đọc tiếng Anh theo đúng trình độ của mình là rất quan trọng. Điều này sẽ giúp cho việc đọc của bạn hiệu quả hơn bao giờ hết. Vì nều bạn đang ở trình độ cơ bản nhưng lại đọc những bài đọc ở trình độ khó, chắc chắn bạn sẽ nhanh chóng bỏ sách xuống và tìm đến các hoạt động khác thay vì luyện đọc. 

Chính vì vậy, bạn phải có sự lựa chọn phù hợp. Ở trình độ sơ cấp này, bạn nên chọn các bài luyện đọc tiếng Anh là các tài liệu đơn giản như những đoạn văn, các mẩu chuyện ngắn. Những chủ đề gần gũi, tạo hứng thú cho bản thân như: sở thích, trò chơi, thần tượng, nét đẹp văn hóa,…là những lựa chọn phù hợp. 

Khi ở trình độ trung cấp, bạn đã có một lượng vốn từ và cấu trúc ngữ pháp kha khá, đủ để đọc hiểu những văn bản dài hơn, phức tạp hơn một chút. Do đó, hãy mạnh dạn thử sức với những chủ đề khó hơn, xa lạ hơn ví dụ như: khoa học, kinh tế, lịch sử, tin tức xã hội, biến đổi khí hậu,…

Với trình độ cao cấp, các chủ đề bạn nên ôn luyện khá giống với trình độ trung cấp nhưng sẽ ở mức độ khó hơn, có nghĩa là nhiều từ mới, cấu trúc mới mang tính học thuật hơn. 

#2 Chuẩn bị tâm lý cho chiến lược luyện đọc 

Rất nhiều người vẫn thường rơi vào tình trạng chán đọc do buồn ngủ mỗi lần thấy chữ. Đây là một tâm lý khá bình thường. Vì vậy khâu chuẩn bị cho những thứ sắp diễn ra vô cùng quan trọng. Hãy sẵn sàng mọi thứ trước khi tiến hành đọc từ bút chì, sổ tay đến từ điển…Hơn hết, bạn cần chuẩn bị một thái độ cực kỳ nghiêm túc, hãy luyện tập và hình thành thói quen đọc mỗi ngày. Khi việc đọc trở thành thói quen, bạn sẽ vượt qua được yếu tố tâm lý và không bị phân tâm. 

# 3 Luyện đọc lưu loát

Tốt nhất, với một đoạn văn hay một cuốn sách tiếng Anh bạn nên đọc đi đọc lại 3 lần. Mỗi lần với 1 tốc độ đọc khác nhau, bao gồm đọc lướt nội dung, đọc chậm rãi , lọc ý chính và đọc để tổng kết những gì mình cần mà còn sót, đặc biệt, việc đọc chính xác cũng là yếu tố quan trong cho 1 bài đọc, bạn có gặp khó khăn trong việc phát âm tiếng Anh ? Hãy tìm hiểu ở bài viết CÁCH HỌC PHÁT ÂM TIẾNG ANH CHUẨN GIỌNG ANH – MĨ

Hãy nhớ đọc tiếng Anh là một kỹ năng, đã là kỹ năng thì cần luyện tập đều đặn hàng ngày. Và kể cả khi đọc thầm trong đầu bạn cũng nên đọc thành vần điệu, theo các cụm từ liên quan với nhau như đang luyện nói.

#4  Hỏi khi đọc và sau khi đọc

Đây là cách bạn tư đặt ra câu hỏi khi tiến hành luyện đọc. Việc đặt ra những câu hỏi và  tự trả lời những câu hỏi đó sẽ giúp rèn luyện kỹ năng đọc, kỹ năng nói và nhớ rất lâu kiến thức của mình.

Một vài dạng câu hỏi tương ứng với “what, when, where, why, how”… giúp bạn tìm hiểu vấn đề một cách sâu sắc hơn. Bạn có thể áp dụng bằng cách note lại những từ “key” của đoạn văn vừa đọc rồi đặt câu hỏi xung quanh từ đó.

Như vậy, cũng giống như việc rèn luyện các kỹ năng khác, việc rèn luyện kỹ năng đọc cũng rất quan trọng trong việc học tiếng Anh của bạn. Hy vọng với những bài  đọc tiếng Anh ở trên là những gợi ý hay cho bạn thêm nhiều cảm hứng học tiếng Anh hơn. Chúc bạn thành công nhé !


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